An interconnected Egypt

The Interconnected Web of Egyptian history             This most important thing that should be obvious after the various aspects that have been studied this semester, is the fact that Egyptian history is far more complex than can be understood in a linear way.  To fully understand the events of the past few years, it is […]

“We thought he was Moses, but he turned out to be Pharoah”: the Continued Search for an Egyptian Savior

Saad Zaghloul

Egypt seems to have a bit of a conundrum with democracy. The Arab Spring of 2011 sent ripples of hope throughout the world that the people in the Middle East would at last have an opportunity to establish just democracies in their countries. In Egypt, the Egyptian people rallied for the elimination of corrupt and […]

Success and Failure: Revolutions of 1919 and 2011


There are many similarities and differences between the Egyptian revolutions of 1919 and 2011. The most significant factors to compare and contrast are that of the leaderships, the involvement of other political parties, and the results that both revolutions produced. The Wafd political party derives its name from the Egyptian delegation Al Wafd Al Misri that called for complete independence of Egypt from the […]

The British Occupation of Egypt


The British occupation of Egypt had some positive effects on Egypt as a country and in regards to its people. The British occupation started in 1882 as a result of the immense debt that Egypt had accrued to European powers, bankers and investors, and its influence continued up to the 1952 revolution. Britain was responsible […]

The Urabi Revolt: A Precursor to the 1952 Revolution


The Urabi Revolt in 1881 was driven in large part by the actions of two Egyptian Khedives: Ismail (1863-1879) and Tawfiq (1879-1892). Under their reigns (particularly that of Tawfiq), Europeans gained an increasingly dominant position in society at the expense of native Egyptians. Foreigners occupied significant posts in the government and police force and earned […]

The French Occupation of Egypt

French Invasion

Egypt is no stranger to being ruled by outsiders.  In 1517, the Ottoman Empire formally, took control of Egypt, a control which would last until 1867, when it became a khedivate.  However, in 1798, under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte, France invaded Egypt, opening the nation to Europeans, which would define the coming century for […]

The Denshawai Incident

Revolution is driven by the energy of the citizens of a nation to be free from the people who are controlling them.  This energy comes from a belief that their nation should be ruled by the natives, not by foreigners.  Rulers will earn themselves a lot of hate if they treat their subjects poorly; however […]

British Financial Imperialism and Capital Controls in 19th Century Egypt


Egyptian history is replete with power vacuums and control changes that often reshape the way the country operates with respect to the rest of the world. This often occurs without the approval or even direct understanding by the Egyptian populace. The impetus for the change in control derives from a catalyst of some kind that […]

On the Innocence of Husni Mubarek

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Hosni Mubarak Innocent?   Recently, the former President of Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, and his former interior minister and six aides were acquitted of murder charges for killing unarmed protesters during the Revolution of 2011 in Egypt.  On Saturday, November 29th, Judge Mahmud Kamel al-Rashidi said the commanders, including Mubarak’s former interior minister Habib al-Adly, “were […]

Parallelism Between 1919 and 2011 Revolutions

Though there is close to a century difference between the “media revolutions” of 1919 and 2011 in Egypt, the two still share similarities. The effects that media has had on both time periods produced mass mobilizations of Egyptians as well as a unity among them. The Egypt in 1919 aligns with the Egypt of the […]